ICM 508

Module 7


In this week’s module, we have one assigned reading—Some Final Words page in The Bare Bones Camera Course for Film and Video by Tom Schroeppel. The image below is a cover of the book. We are asked to reflect on our learning experiences and to find videos that utilize J and L cuts well. In this module, we also started production and post-production for our final project – mini documentary/biography/news story.

book cover


Reading & Writing:

I can’t believe this is the final module. Time really flies. I started this course with a little bit of experience in audio editing and pretty much no experience of video filming and editing. But now, I am definitely much more confident in my audio editing skills and more comfortable with video filming and editing. Although I still don’t think my filming and editing skills are great yet, I will definitely continue using and honing the skills I learned from this class. It’ll be nice to be able to go to a place and record my memories there with a video.

I have truly learned a lot from this course. I am able to utilize Audacity much better than I did before. I am also able to use Adobe Premiere Pro effectively to add text, graphics and other effects to my video. I have learned various techniques to edit my video as well. However, I think one of the most useful things I learned from this course are the guidelines for visual composition. I believe those guidelines are crucial to producing great and attractive videos.

Although learning how to use Adobe Premiere Pro was a little difficult since there are so many effects and utilities one can use in it, it was still really fun to learn about it. However, I do feel that it will be nice to learn a bit more about one or two other software just to help us compare and figure out which software we like to use for video editing.


Research to Inform:

The following are two videos I found that uses J and L cuts well:

  1. Thor Ragnarok (2017) – Loki’s funny theater scene with Thor


This is one part of Thor: Ragnarok that I really like. It also has great examples of J and L cuts. At 0:25 is a good example of a J cut. We see Thor approaching the crowd, but we hear the sounds from the play, which is shown in the next scene. This is a good use of J cut because it not only informs the audience that Thor had walked up and came close to the stage, but also helps with transitioning to the play on the stage.

This video also contains some good examples of a L cut. At 3:21, we see that while Thor is still speaking, the video cuts to the next scene already. This is a good use of a L cut because the audience can see the expressions of Loki, who is disguised as Odin, to Thor’s words. At 4:24, there is another L cut, but this time, instead of showing Loki’s reaction to Thor’s words, the video is showing Thor’s expressions to Loki’s words.

  1. Lifting Thor’s Hammer | Avengers Age of Ultron (2015) Movie Clip


This video also has some great examples of L and J cuts. Between 0:05 and 0:13 is a great example of a L cut. Dr. Banner is still speaking when the scene cuts to Natasha. The use of a L cut here allows us to see Natasha’s reaction to Dr. Banner’s question. At 1:13, there is a good use of a J cut. We hear Steve speaking to Dr. Banner while still seeing Dr. Banner on the screen. The use of a J cut not only helps create the sense that Dr. Banner is startled, but also allows for a more natural transition to the next scenes, which are focusing on Steve and Dr. Banner’s conversations.



Here is my mini-documentary/biography/news story project:

Background music from zapsplat.com.

This video is definitely much harder for me to produce than the previous ones because there are a lot of things to consider, especially with which b-rolls I want to incorporate in my video. At first I also struggled with how to incorporate J and L cuts in my video, but as I was editing, I slowly got more comfortable with them. On the other hand, I got to play with more effects, such as the Ken Burns effect, that I didn’t get to use before. Overall, it’s a great experience and gave me a sense of accomplishment when I finished making it.

Module 6


In this week’s module, we have two assigned readings—Chapter 7 and 9 of The Bare Bones Camera Course for Film and Video by Tom Schroeppel. The image below is a cover of the book. We are also asked to find videos that inspire us and to find a video that is good overall but has some aspects that are poorly done. In this module, we also started pre-production for our final project – mini documentary/biography/news story.

book cover


Reading & Writing:

In Chapter 7, Schroeppel wrote about exterior lighting, interior lighting and how to set up lighting for filming. He talked about how while the sun is the most common source of lighting when shooting a clip outdoors, it often casts shadows on the subject. In order to produce the best results, a reflector or a fill light is needed. A reflector bounces the light from the light source toward the subject. A fill light is an extra light source that can be moved around and is independent from the main light source. For interior lighting, there are also several different kinds of lights one can choose. A focusing quartz light can cast light on a wide range, from a narrower spot to a spread-out flood. However, its light is also more intense and would often need to be diffused. A broad also has a high intensity light and covers a wide area, but its light would need to be diffused as well. On the other hand, the light given off from a softlight is a bounce light, so there is no need to diffuse it. Finally, Schroeppel talked about how to build a lighting setup for filming. Usually four kinds of light are required: a key light to shine on the subject, a fill light to reduce the amount of shadow caused by the key light, a back light to separate the subject from the background, and a background light to give the background enough illumination to create a sense of depth. From this chapter, I also learned to start slow and don’t be afraid to start over during the setup for lighting.

Chapter 9 is a relatively short chapter. In it, Schroeppel talked about a very important topic—the planning and shooting of a sequence. A concept covered by the previous module is reiterated and that is to always plan before actually shooting. Planning involves considering the audience and the objective. It also includes coming up with a script and/or a storyboard. In addition, having a proper organization is important as well. Slates are useful for organizing the different shots one has. Shooting out of sequence is usually more convenient and requires less work. However, one can’t always expect things to work out as one wants, so it is important to communicate with others on the filming team and be prepared to deal with unexpected situations.


Research to Inform:

The following are two story-telling videos I found inspiring and well produced:

  1. Steve Jobs – Apple CEO | Mini Bio | BIO


This video is well produced because while many of its b-rolls are images, the producer is able to keep the video engaging. This is possible because the film utilizes L-cuts, so the interview flows well with the b-rolls. The images are also well chosen, especially the old image that showed San Francisco’s Golden Bridge. The background music is also well chosen and edited. It had a brief pause and switched to a more solemn music when the narrator is talking about Steve Jobs’ retirement and death.

  1. What do I desire? (Inspired By Alan Watts) – Nominated Documentary Short Film by Naseh Jrab (2015)


This video is well produced as it starts with a powerful quote that ties well with the topic. The b-rolls are well chosen and match what the narrator is saying. The shots were well done too, and the shallow depth of field was utilized very nicely. I especially like how the producer actually freeze the clip right when he said stop at 1:37. The background music is well chosen. At a couple instances, it may feel like the music is as loud as the narration, but it does not distract the audience. The volume of the narration also fits well with the tone of the film.


This is one video that I found to be good overall but have some flaws:

  1. Good Dinner – Short Documentary Film


This video is good overall. Its story is good. It also shows how the restaurant’s owner, employees and customers think about the restaurant closing down. The music and the ambient noise included were well-chosen. However, the first 40 seconds were a little dry as there was no narration, so the audience does not know the topic of the documentary until later in the film. Its lighting was good overall, but there are some scenes, such as at 2:35, that the lighting was poor. To fix it, the producer could probably move the interviewee to somewhere inside the restaurant that has a better lighting. The editing was also a little poor as there were jumps in the video, such as at 1:06 and 3:45, which can be fixed by including more b-rolls.



Here is my pre-production planning document for the mini documentary/biography/news story:

Pre-Production Planning Document for MINI DOC

I wasn’t able to get as much done for this project this week as I was busy with packing and moving. I did start to look for images and music that can be used for my video. I have also scheduled to interview Wendy this Monday. I plan to do the other shots I need on Monday. This should leave me with enough time to edit and put everything together and do additional shots if needed before the deadline on this Friday.

Module 5


In this week’s module, we have two assigned readings—Chapter 3 and 4 of The Bare Bones Camera Course for Film and Video by Tom Schroeppel. The image following this paragraph is a cover of the book. We are also asked to find and analyze videos that illustrate smooth continuity with multiple angles. In this module, we will also be producing a how-to video.

book cover

Reading & Writing:

In Chapter 3, Schroeppel discusses about a basic sequence in films. The idea behind a basic sequence is to break a long scene into smaller pieces and thus retain viewers’ interest. Shooting a basic sequence often involves shots of different angle and image size. Schroeppel also talks about the different techniques one can utilize to have smooth transitions in a basic sequence. Those techniques are cutting on action and having clean entrances and exits. Cutting on action allows the viewers to focus on the action instead of the change between different shots. Clean entrance and exit show the viewers that the subject has left the scene, so that when the same subject shows up elsewhere, the viewers can easily accept its appearance. His final tip about utilizing all these different techniques as much as possible in one’s creation is also very helpful.

In Chapter 4, Schroeppel talks about screen direction, focusing on what it means to cross the line and what to do when crossing the line is necessary. Crossing the line means that the direction of action has been reversed, so what is shown in the scene after the line has been crossed does not match with the previous scenes. If crossing the line is needed, then one can either keep the camera running while changing the screen direction, or one can add a shot that has no screen direction between the shots that have different screen directions. The aforementioned two methods are the better choices to use when crossing the line. The other two less favorable methods are to use a point of reference that viewers can relate between the scenes and to cut on action. In addition, Schroeppel also highlights that screen direction is important because having the same screen direction will allow one to move the camera or the subject to a place where one desires without causing distraction in the finished product.


Research to Inform:

The following are three videos I found that show smooth continuity with multiple angles:

  1. Homemade Chocolate-Covered Ice Cream Cones


This video is a good example of smooth continuity with multiple angles and sizes, especially when the person in the video is pouring chocolate into the cone (0:36). The scene changes from a wide shot to a medium shot and then to a close up and finally ends with a medium shot. The video also uses cutting on action to change between the different angles and sizes. One great example of the use of cutting on action is the scene starting at 0:53 where the person is putting ice cream into the cone.

  1. Black Panther – M’Baku vs T’Challa


This clip shows the fight between M’Baku and T’Challa in Black Panther. The clip utilizes cutaways, cut on action and neutral shots to make smooth continuity possible. During the fight, we often see the clip cuts to the audience of the fight, allowing for smooth switch between the different angles and frame sizes. In addition to cutaways, the clip also uses cut on action to switch between the different angles. One good example of cut on action occurs at 0:39. The use of neutral shots in the clip allows the camera to cross the line and switch screen direction. A good example of using a neutral shot to switch screen direction occurs at 0:43. The neutral shot makes M’Baku’s switch from the left side of the screen to the right side of the screen smooth.

3. Spider-Man Homecoming (2017) – School Scene HD


This clip shows smooth continuity from the start to about 0:54. During this clip, the editor uses neutral shots to switch screen direction and uses cutaways to switch between different frame sizes and shot angles. The use of neutral shot to switch screen direction is evident at 0:05, where the scene switched from Peter walking toward the right of the screen to Peter walking toward the left of the screen. A cutaway is used at 0:13 to switch from a wide shot to a close up shot of Peter’s face. The use of cutaways in this clip also allows for smooth continuity. This is shown between 0:18 and 0:30, where the scene cuts to the school’s announcement after we see Peter enter the school, making Peter’s appearance on the school’s stairs after the announcement smooth.


Here is my how-to video:

I love making origami in my free time, so I chose to show how to make origami frog for my how-to video. It’s actually quite fun matching the action from the shots with different angles and frame sizes. This project really exposes me to how useful it is to have shots of different angles and frame sizes. The only problem is that since I handmade those rectangular pieces of paper, each of the pieces might have looked a bit different from one another, so next time I will be sure to be more careful about crafting the materials I need.


Module 4


In this week’s module, we have one assigned reading—Chapter 10 of The Bare Bones Camera Course for Film and Video by Tom Schroeppel. The image following this paragraph is a cover of the book. We are also asked to find and analyze videos that illustrate different editing styles. In this module, we started production and post-production for our video montage project.

book cover

Reading & Writing:

In Chapter 10, Schroeppel talked about the editing process. I agree with him that it is easy to get caught up on how much time and effort one spent on taking a shot and thus making one want to put that particular shot in the end product, neglecting other shots that might have worked better. Logging and labeling the shots will definitely help with the editing process and is something I plan to do with my shots. From this chapter, I also learned to always remind my viewers where they are and relate shots to one another, so that my viewers won’t get distracted. In addition, I learned how crucial pacing is for delivering a video’s message. A fast pacing can prevent viewers from absorbing the information presented while a slow pacing runs the risk of boring the viewers.

On top of discussing the visual aspects of video editing, Schroeppel also talks about the role of sound in video editing. He mentioned the different cuts one can use in editing sound for video, one is a L-cut, which is seeing the picture before hearing the matching sound, and the other is a Reverse-L cut, which is hearing the sound before seeing the matching picture. I also agree with Schroeppel that it is much easier to edit sounds when the different elements (i.e. music, ambient noise) are all on different tracks.


Research to Inform:

The following are three videos I found that show different editing styles:

  1. OCEAN’S 8 – Official Main Trailer


OCEAN’S 8 is a movie I am planning to watch and I really like its trailer. At the beginning, when the trailer is introducing the story, the pacing is slower. The longest shot is around 10 seconds. However, as the music picks up and the action actually starts to happen, the pacing is much faster, with each shot lasting at most 2 seconds. The trailer also utilizes a lot of J- and L-cuts with the faster pacing, so that the viewers get exposed to many eye-catching shots while still understanding what is going on with the story.

  1. A Quiet Place (2018) – Official Trailer – Paramount Pictures


A Quiet Place is also another movie I want to watch. Overall, the pacing of the video is fast. Each shot lasts about 1-2 seconds long. Since this is a trailer, it makes sense to use a faster pacing, so that the viewers can be exposed to many shots and become interested in going to see the movie. There is also quite a bit of dip to black transition between the shots at the end, which is befitting for the horror theme.

  1. Friendly Neighborhood Spider-Man – Stan Lee Cameo (Scene) | Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017) Clip HD


Spider-Man Homecoming is a movie I really like. Overall, the pacing of the video is slow. Many shots last for more than 5 seconds. The longest one is when Peter Parker is changing into his Spider-Man suit and lasts for about 45 seconds. The slower pacing allows the viewers to be immersed in the daily life of Peter Parker. At the end of the film, the pacing picks up again to not only show different people talking, but also augment the illustration of the disturbance caused by the car alarm.



Here is my video montage project “A Peaceful Morning”:

Background music from https://www.zapsplat.com

As I expected, some of the flowers are not blooming, affecting some of the shots I took. Deciding which shots to include and how long to show each shot is also hard, but overall I definitely enjoy making this project.

Module 3


In this week’s module, we have several assigned readings, including four chapters in The Bare Bones Camera Course for Film and Video by Tom Schroeppel. The image following this paragraph is a cover of the book. We are also asked to read three web articles: “Video Pre-Production Planning Check-list—11 Steps to a Successful Project” by Jimm Fox, “12 of the Most Popular Camera Shots all Actors Should Know” by New York Film Academy, and “Storyboarding Tips: How to Plan & Visualize Your Next Video” by Mark R. Robertson. In addition, we are asked to find videos that utilize visual illustration guidelines well. In this module, we started pre-production for our video montage project.

Cover of The Bare Bones Camera Course for Film and Video:

book cover

Reading & Writing:

For this week’s reading, we are asked to read Chapter 1, 2, 5 and 6 of The Bare Bones Camera Course for Film and Video. In Chapter 1, Schroeppel talked about the mechanisms behind a camera, exposure for a camera, color temperature, setting exposure for different cameras, setting focus for different cameras, different lenses and the different views they provide, and depth of field. While I have learned many things in this chapter, I find several of his discussions especially interesting. One of those discussions is about the different lenses and the different views obtained from those lenses. From the discussion, I learn about wide angle, normal and telephoto lenses. Wide angle lens shows a larger area compare to normal and objects generally look smaller, while telephoto lens shows a smaller area compare to normal and things appear to be larger. Learning about the different lenses can help me decide what kind of lenses to use depending on my topic. It is also very interesting to learn that depth of field changes depending on focal length, size of aperture and distance of the subject.

In Chapter 2, Schroeppel discussed about the different visual composition guidelines. These guidelines are listed and defined below:

  1. Rule of Thirds – divide the frame into nine equal parts by dividing the frame into thirds horizontally and vertically and place the center of interest at one of the four points where horizontal and vertical lines meet;
  2. Balance—Leading Looks – when something/someone is facing a particular direction, leave enough space in that direction in the frame;
  3. Balance—Masses – balance an object with a smaller object or an equally-sized object;
  4. Balance—Color – brightness of an object gives it extra weight; increasing the size of the darker object can help maintain balance in the frame;
  5. Angle – different angles provide different feelings;
  6. Frame within the Frame – use elements of a location to give a full or partial frame within the camera frame;
  7. Leading Lines – direct the leading lines to the subject of interest;
  8. Background – ensure nothing in the background is distracting the viewer from the subject of interest.

In this chapter, I also learned to survey a location for best shots and arrange things if needed before actually taking them.

In Chapter 5, Schroeppel talked about the different kinds of basic camera moves, which are zooms, pans and tilts. These different camera moves are described below:

  1. Zoom-in – move from a wide shot to a close up;
  2. Zoom-out – move from a close up to a wide shot;
  3. Pan – move horizontally across;
  4. Tilt – move vertically up/down.

Zoom-ins attract viewers’ attention while zoom-outs, pans and tilts give additional information to viewers. I also learned to move slower when utilizing pans and tilts. Additionally, I find his suggestions to begin and end with a good static shot and to use these moves only when necessary to be particularly helpful.

Chapter 6 is a much shorter chapter compared to the aforementioned three chapters. In this chapter, Schroeppel discussed about making montages. I learned that in order to make a good montage, each of the shots in the montage should look different than the other ones.

In his “Video Pre-Production Planning Check-list—11 Steps to a Successful Project,” Fox listed and discussed the eleven steps in pre-production that will help create a successful project. While some steps, such as the approval step, are not quite applicable to the project for our class, some are. I agree with Fox that defining an objective and an audience and developing a main message are both critical for making a good, successful project. Without doing so, the end product may not achieve the purpose for which it is created. I also find it interesting that Fox finds that a shorter video is better, but he made a really good point that people’s online attention spans aren’t long and one really needs to get the message across effectively and succinctly.

“12 of the Most Popular Camera Shots all Actors Should Know” covers twelve different camera shots commonly used in the film and television industry. These twelve different shots are: aerial shot, establishing shot, close-up, extreme close-up, medium shot, dolly zoom, over-the-shoulder shot, low angle shot, high angle shot, two-shot, wide/long shot and master shot. Out of these different shots, I find four shots to be particularly useful to learn about, which are establishing shot, close-up, medium shot and master shots, because they feel more fundamental to me and will most likely to be used by me if I were to include actors in my video. An establishing shot depicts the location of which the shot is taken while a master shot depicts the actors and actions in that location. A close-up shot focus on actors’ facial expressions and eliminates the surrounding environment while a medium shot includes not only facial expressions but also the surrounding environment and the actors’ body language.

Robertson provides some tips for storyboarding in his “Storyboarding Tips: How to Plan & Visualize Your Next Video” article. I find it comforting that I can use stick figures in making a storyboard because I am not confident in my drawing skills. I also agree with Robertson that a good storyboard will enhance the quality of the film. A good storyboard will help save a lot of energy while filing and prevent frustrations with editing.


Research to Inform:

The following are three videos that I believe illustrate the visual illustration guidelines well:

  1. Spider-Man: Homecoming – Warehouse Scene (HD)


In this clip, the angle guideline is particularly well illustrated. Starting at 1:34, the camera is filming above Spiderman, showing the audience that he is lying down. In addition, this angle gives the sense that while he is talking to the AI in his suit, he is also talking to the audience because the angle allows the audience to face him and a conversation is usually done face-to-face.

  1. Audi “Driver’s Test” Spider Man Homecoming


In this clip, the background and rule of thirds guidelines are well depicted. At 0:08, Peter Parker’s face is at the upper left point of the four points where the horizontal and vertical lines dividing the frame into thirds meet.  This allows the audience to focus on the facial expressions he is making when he is watching a video on his phone. Additionally, the background in this frame is blurred out, so while there are movements in the background, they do not take away the audience’s attention from Peter Parker, who is the main subject.

  1. The Final Battle [Part 1] | Justice League


At 3:39 of this clip is a good illustration of the balance guideline. Steppenwolf’s fist is about the same size as Superman’s face, giving a good balance for masses. In addition, while Steppenwolf’s hand appears darker, Superman’s brightness does balance the darker tone.


Here is my Visual Composition Shot List Template:

Visual Composition Shot List Template

To me, some of the guidelines, such as rule of thirds, angle and perspective are much easier to depict. I particularly struggled with shallow depth of field and the part in the balance section where we have to take a still photo when panning the camera. I struggled with shallow depth of field because I could not figure out how to make the background blurry with my iPhone, but eventually I was able to overcome that problem by doing a close up of my subject. The struggle I had with the balance section is because my subject is moving too fast and I can’t take a still photo fast enough. My favorite is definitely rule of thirds. I find it easy to visualize the four key points in the frame.

And here is my Pre-Production Planning Document:

Pre-Production Planning Document for MONTAGE

I chose my apartment complex as my location mainly because I am moving out soon and would like to have some nice memories of the place. As for challenges, I can foresee that weather might be an issue since I want my shots done on a nice, sunny morning. Whether the flowers will be full bloom is a potential problem too.


Module 2


In this week’s module, we have two assigned readings – “7 Secrets for Getting Pro Sounding Vocals on Home Recordings” by Filippo Gaetani and “Sound Advice: Editing Audio for Video” by Hal Robertson. In addition, we are asked to search and analyze some well-produced productions that have both audio and video in them. We also started production and post-production for our podcast.


Reading & Writing:

In “7 Secrets for Getting Pro Sounding Vocals on Home Recordings,” Gaetani discussed 7 tips that will help readers produce good audio at home. While the article mentioned that the tips are for home recordings, I think the main ideas are applicable outside of a home environment. I totally agree with Gaetani that a good recording comes with the vocalist being comfortable and does take several takes to make. Additionally, Gaetani suggested readers to concentrate on the performance and not the pitch, which prompted me to remind myself to put less focus on getting the lines right and more focus on the overall delivery. It is also interesting to learn about how different materials, such as wood and fabric, in the bedroom affect the recorded sound and how easy it is to make a pop filter at home.

In “Sound Advice: Editing Audio for Video,” Robertson discussed about techniques of editing video and audio. It is interesting to learn about the different terms used in editing a video as I have no idea about them prior to reading this article. I agree with Robertson that the main objective of editing video and audio is to tell a story smoothly, meaning that the audio has to match with the video. I also learned about how leaving some frames before and after a clip is important in putting different clips together to make a video. It is also great to learn that I can make the transition between different clips smoother by utilizing a cross-dissolve or a flash.


Research to Inform:

The following are three videos that I found well-produced, with the audio effectively elevating the video content:

  1. Inception – Zero gravity fight scene


In this clip, the audio helps separate the different layers of the dream. The zero-gravity fight happened in a deeper layer of the dream while the car chase took place in a more superficial layer of the dream. At the beginning of the fight, the music used is a more suspense one and did not carry over to the car chase scene. As the fight escalated, the music got louder and changed to a more ominous and grandiose one. The music also carried over to the car chase scene, tying events in the superficial layer to events in the deeper layer. The stronger beats of the music also coincided with the car slamming against the ground. I also love how the music ends with the gunshot in the deeper layer of the dream and rain sounds coming on in the superficial layer of the dream, marking the resolution of the fight and the chase.

  1. Marvel Studios’ Avengers: Infinity War – Official Trailer


In this clip, the music separates the serious scenes and comedic scenes as the two comedic scenes in this trailer do not have any music as background. At the beginning of the trailer, the music is more solemn, which goes with the narration. In addition, the sound effects of snapping fingers and stone attaching to the gauntlet match well with the narration too. The music for the different fight scenes are from the same song, making those scenes feel connected. Another part that I thought audio elevates video is the carrying over of Dr. Strange’s roar to the war scene, as the roar serves as a battle cry to the war scene.

  1. Marvel Studios’ Black Panther – Kinetic Energy Film Clip


In this clip, the audio accents the action scenes. The music is calmer before each major action of the Black Panther (jumping onto the car and using kinetic energy) while reaching more of a climax at each major action. The sound effects of shooting bullets also helped distinguish between the two different locations involved in this scene.



Here is my podcast on flu vaccine:

Music, ambient background noise and sound effects are obtained from https://www.zapsplat.com.

Trimming down my script and my recording to fit the time limit was harder than I expected. There’re so much more I wanted to include and say, but just didn’t have time for it. Deciding which sound effects to use and when to add them in is also a struggle, but I hope it will become easier for me as we move through the modules.

Module 1


In this week’s module, we have two assigned readings – a chapter in the book The Bare Bones Camera Course for Film and Video by Tom Schroeppel and several articles in the web articles “Engaging Episodes: The Powerful Podcasting Series” by Kevin Anderson. The cover of The Bare Bones Camera Course for Film and Video is shown below and the link to the web articles can be found here. We also started pre-production planning for our podcast.

book cover

Reading & Writing:

In Chapter 8 of The Bare Bones Camera Course for Film and Video, Schroeppel discussed about how sound is produced and heard. In addition, he also talked about the different types of microphones, different sound pickup patterns, production of clean sound recording and selection of appropriate microphones. After reading the chapter, I am amazed at how microphones can mimic human ears in transmitting sounds. I also was not aware that there are so many different sound pickup patterns and that the pattern used in audio creation can significantly affect the product. I used to think there was only one kind of sound pickup pattern, the supercardioid (shotgun) pattern, and you always have to point the microphone directly at the sound source to get a good recording of the sound. The various ways of creating clean sound recording surprised me too. I did not know that furniture arrangement can affect how sound is recorded.

In “Engaging Episodes: The Powerful Podcasting Series,” Anderson discussed about how to create a successful podcast. As a medical student, I was taught to avoid using complicated wording to ask patients questions and always try to use simple words when explaining things. Thus, I completely agree with the author that it is very important to avoid using jargons, so the audience will not be confused and lose interest in the delivered message. I also like the tips and suggestions the authors have for delivering the podcast. When I was recording my audio for the preview week module, I struggled with delivering my script. I did not have it marked and I was not quite sure how long my pauses should be. Now that I got some tips about marking the script, I am eager to try it out and see how that changes my delivery of words.

Research to Inform:

The following are three podcasts that I found well produced and engaging:

  1. 2 Docs Talk – Episode 91: EMTALA or No, we don’t have universal health coverage, y’all

I like this podcast because the podcast talks about a serious health topic in a casual and informational format while adding some humor to the podcast along the way. The music played at the beginning of the podcast is a lively one, allowing the audience to feel more at ease with the discussion. The presenters Dr. Kendall Britt and Dr. Amy Rogers delivered their message in the form of a conversation where one presenter mainly asks questions. While they made a couple mistakes in delivering their lines, the podcast overall was easy to understand because they used a lot stories and examples. They summed up their message pretty well at the end too. They also used the same music at the end of their podcast, tying the end to the beginning.

  1. Second Opinion – A Tale of Two Extremes

This podcast is really nice in that it gets its message across succinctly. While it has a commercial at the beginning of the podcast, it was not long enough to disinterest the audience.  I like that the presenter Dr. Michael Wilkes used two stories, both featuring the same junior resident doctor, to illustrate the opposite expectations that patients have for their physicians. In addition, his voice is very powerful. His podcast is made effective by highlighting his message at the end of his podcast.

  1. Am I Introverted or Socially Anxious?

This podcast is also really good because while it uses listing as the form of delivery, the podcast is engaging, as her personality showed when she was talking. The presenter Dr. Ellen Hendriksen used many relatable examples and avoided using jargons when she delivered her podcast, making her podcast easy to understand.



This following is my mind map on flu vaccine:

Influenza_Flu_Vaccines Mind Map

Here is my pre-production planning document in PDF format:

Pre-Production Planning Document for PODCAST

I have chosen this topic because I have learned about the importance of vaccination at school and want to share what I learned. My biggest challenge in making the podcast is probably going to be limiting my content to 2 minutes and how to add just enough details to make the podcast informative but not overwhelmingly detailed.